State Capital & Second Largest
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and second largest city in
Australia, with a metropolitan population of approximately 3.8 million (2007 estimate).
Located around the shores of Port Phillip Bay, Melbourne is the business,
administrative, cultural and recreational hub of this south eastern Australian state and it
is often dubbed as Australia's 'sporting and cultural' capital.
Melbourne is notable for its multicultural society, mix of Victorian and
contemporary architecture (see Melbourne's buildings), extensive tram network and parks and
gardens. It was the host city of the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. In
1981, it hosted the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting and in 2006 the city hosted the G20
Summit (a meeting of the leaders of the world's 19 largest economies).
Municipality & Capital City
The City of Melbourne, as a municipality,
oversees Melbourne’s city centre and several inner suburbs. As a capital-city council, it also
speaks on behalf of Melbourne in local, national and international forums.
Suburbs within the municipality of the City
of Melbourne include: Carlton, CBD, Docklands, East Melbourne, Kensington, North
Melbourne, Parkville, Southbank, South Yarra-St Kilda Road, West Melbourne and Port
Melbourne (Fisherman's Bend).
Melbourne CBD &
The Melbourne Central Business District, laid out in a large rectangle, sits on the
northern banks of the Yarra River, about five kilometres from the Bay. Radiating from
the CBD to the west, north, east and southeast are the sprawling suburbs of Melbourne,
some as far as 40 kilometres from the heart of the City.
Neighbouring Councils of the City of Melbourne include: Hobsons Bay, Maribyrnong,
Moonee Valley, Moreland, Yarra, Stonnington and Port Phillip.
Great Place to Study, Work &
Melbourne is a great place to study,
work and live. It is home to eight universities (see Study in Melbourne), 19 TAFE institutions and headquarters to five
of the ten largest companies in the country (see Melbourne's economy).
Almost a quarter of Victoria's population
was born overseas, and Melbourne is home to residents from 233 countries, who speak over 180
languages and dialects and follow 116 religious faiths. Melbourne has the second largest Asian
population in Australia, which includes the largest Vietnamese, Indian and Sri
Lankan communities in the country.
Over two-thirds of people in Melbourne
speak only English at home (68.8 per cent).
Italian is the second most common home language (4.0 per cent),
with Greek third and Chinese fourth, each
with over 100,000 speakers.
|Significant overseas born populations
|Place of Birth
World's Second Most Livable
The Economist Intelligence Unit's livability
shows cities in Canada, Australia, Austria and Switzerland as the most ideal destinations
thanks to a widespread availability of goods and services, low personal risk and an effective
infrastructure. The report placed Vancouver, Canadaas the most livable city in the world, with
Melbourne, Australia taking second place followed by the Austrian
capital, Vienna. The survey said "In the current global political climate, it is no
surprise that the most desirable destinations are those with a lower perceived threat of